User Migrations

User Migrations #

All migrations referring to the user resource.

addUser #

Adds a user to keycloak. Fails if a user with that name already exists.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • name: String, not optional
  • enabled: Boolean, default=true
  • emailVerified: Boolean, default=true
  • attributes: Map with Layout Map<String, List< String », default=empty
  • groups: List of groupnames to attach, List< String >, optional, default=empty
  • realmRoles: List of realmroles to attach, List< String >, optional, default=empty
  • clientRoles: List of ClientRoles to attach, List< ClientRole >, optional, default=empty
  • email: String, optional, default=””
  • firstName: String, optional, default=””
  • lastName: String, optional, default=””

ClientRole Parameters:

  • client: ClientId, String, not optional
  • role: Rolename, String, not optional

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - addUser:
        realm: master
        name: test
        enabled: true
        email: test@example.de
        emailVerified: true
        attributes:
          test:
          - test
          - test2
          groups:
            - testGroup
          realmRoles:
            - testRealmRole
          clientRoles:
            - client: testClient
              role: testClientRole

deleteUser #

Removes a user from keycloak. Fails if a user with that name does not exists.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • name: String, not optional

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - deleteUser:
        realm: master
        name: test

updateUser #

Updates an exiting user in keycloak. Fails if no user with given name exists.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • name: String, not optional
  • enabled: Boolean, default=no change
  • emailVerified: Boolean, default=no change
  • access: String, default=no change
  • notBefore: Long, default=no change
  • totp: Boolean, default=no change
  • disableableCredentialTypes: List< String >, default=no change
  • requiredActions: List< String >, default=no change
  • email: String, default=no change
  • firstName: String, default=no change
  • lastName: String, default=no change
  • credentials: Map<String,String> (see example below)
    • hashedSaltedValue: String, not optional
    • salt: String, not optional
    • algorithm: String, optional, default = “pbkdf2-sha256”
    • counter: Int, optional, default = 0,
    • createdDate: Long, optional, default = Date().time,
    • digits: Int, optional, default = 0,
    • hashIterations: Int, optional, default = 27500,
    • period: Int, optional, default = 0,
    • type: String, optional, default = “password”,
    • config1: Map<String, String>, optional, default = emptyMap() (See keycloak documentation)

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - updateUser:
        realm: master
        name: test
        enabled: false
        lastName: Lukas

Example to update Password #

If you don’t want to hash and generate the salt by youself you can use the updateUserPassword method listed below.

This method gives more control over the credential entry in keycloak including hashIterations, algorithms used, digits and additional configs.

Updating the credential can not be rolled back!

    id: update-password
    author: klg71
    changes:
      - updateUser:
          realm: integ-test
          name: test
          credentials:
            - hashedSaltedValue: 1tWf95Drz6t8/9kKE3tiJXPywCzG/C0KDnmCIFXEDdFQMPB6iVWWxjLO9HJI3YwTfWZa78N+hcmYHcT1tkavcA==
              salt: dGVzdB==

Script to generate salt and hash: #

import org.apache.commons.codec.Charsets.UTF_8
import java.util.*
import javax.crypto.SecretKeyFactory
import javax.crypto.spec.PBEKeySpec

fun generatePassword(){
        println("Keycloak password hash helper")
        val scanner = Scanner(System.`in`, UTF_8)
        println("Enter password:")
        val password = scanner.nextLine()
        println("Enter salt:")
        val salt = scanner.nextLine()

        val hashIterations = 27500
        val keyByteLength = 64
        val pass = getEncryptedPassword(password, salt.toByteArray(UTF_8), hashIterations, keyByteLength)
        println("Password: $pass")
        println("Salt: " + Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(salt.toByteArray(UTF_8)))
}
fun getEncryptedPassword(password: String, salt: ByteArray,
                         iterations: Int, derivedKeyLength: Int): String {
    return SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("PBKDF2WithHmacSHA256").run {
        generateSecret(PBEKeySpec(password.toCharArray(), salt,
                iterations, derivedKeyLength * 8)
        )
    }.run {
        @Suppress("UsePropertyAccessSyntax")
        getEncoded()
    }.let {
        Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(it)
    }

}

updateUserPassword #

Updates the passwords of a user

WARNING: This action can not be rolled back!

The password is hashed with 27500 hash_iterations and a key_byte_length of 64 bytes.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • name: String, not optional
  • password: String, not optional
  • salt: String, optional, default = Random 15 letter alphanumeric String

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    realm: integ-test
    changes:
      - addUser:
          name: testPasswordUser
      - updateUserPassword:
          name: testPasswordUser
          password: "testPassword"

addUserAttribute #

Adds an attribute to an existing user. Throws an error if the user does not exist.

User attributes can’t be set deterministic with the updateUser action.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • name: String, not optional
  • attributeName: String, not optional
  • attributeValues: List< String>, not optional
  • override: Boolean, default=false

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - addUserAttribute:
        realm: master
        name: test
        attributeName: test1
        attributeValues:
        - value1
        - value2

deleteUserAttribute #

Deletes an attribute to an existing user. Throws an error if the user does not exist.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • name: String, not optional
  • attributeName: String, not optional
  • failOnMissing: Boolean, default=true

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - deleteUserAttribute:
        realm: master
        name: test
        attributeName: test1

assignRole #

Assigns a role to the given user. Fails if the user or the role doesn’t exist.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • user: String, not optional
  • role: String, not optional

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - assignRole:
        realm: master
        user: testUser
        role: testRole

revokeRole #

Revokes a role from the given user. Fails if the user or the role doesn’t exist or the user does not have the role assigned.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • user: String, not optional
  • role: String, not optional

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - revokeRole:
        realm: master
        user: testUser
        role: testRole

assignGroup #

Assigns a group to the given user. Fails if the user or the group doesn’t exist.

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • user: String, not optional
  • group: String, not optional

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - assignGroup:
        realm: master
        user: testUser
        group: testGroup

revokeGroup #

Revokes a group from the given user. Fails if the user or the group doesn’t exist or the user doesnt have the group assigned .

Parameters #

  • realm: String, optional
  • user: String, not optional
  • group: String, not optional

Example #

    id: test
    author: klg71
    changes:
    - revokeGroup:
        realm: master
        user: testUser
        group: testGroup